Hair Transplantation

Q.What causes hair loss?

The hair loss usually occurs in one of several specific patterns and hence it has been called male pattern baldness or androgenetic alopecia. Only about one percent of hair loss is caused by other conditions. These include various nutritional, metababolic and hormone disorders,Fungal Infection,Bacterial Infection,Liver Disease.
Male pattern baldness involves a genetic susceptibility of some of the hair follicles to the hormone dihydrotestosterone, (DHT). This hormone acting over time on these susceptible follicles causes a gradual shrinking, (miniaturization), and finally death of these follicles. On average, individuals typically lose some 100 hairs daily. These hairs should regrow several months later, and it is only until the hair loss exceeds the new hair growth that baldness results. Once hair loss starts, however, it is a progressive condition and will continue for a lifetime.

Q. Do medications helps to control or defeat hair loss ?

There are several medications which are FDA approved to treat androgenetic pattern hair loss, including Minoxidil (brand name Rogaine) which is a topical medication for both men and women that is applied twice a day, and Finasteride (Propecia), a pill intended for men only and taken once a day. While these medications can slow down and even stop altogether the progression of hair loss on the back of the head, their effectiveness is limited as less than two-thirds of all men actually obtain these results. Surgical hair restoration, or hair transplantation, is the only permanent solution for hair loss.

Q.Are there other hair loss treatments?

There are so many hair loss treatment in the form of medicines and cosmetic procedures are available in the market among them hair weaving and hair bonding is common.Hair weaving is tying a wig on the head with silk thread knots. Hair bonding is holding the wig with clips and hair fusion is sticking a light weight nylon wig with a double sided sticking tape. These are all temporary methods. Prolonged use causes bad hygiene, pull out of the anchoring hair and excoriation of skin. These methods are, done at hair saloon & not by doctors. Hair transplants, performed by experienced cosmetic and plastic surgeons, are the only effective means of reversing hair loss. Hair transplantation is a proven surgical method that has evolved to become the answer for those that suffer from hair loss.

Q. What is hair transplantation?

Hair transplantation surgery
Hair transplantation is the surgical procedure which involves the removal of hairs from donor areas, commonly the back of the head, which are then transplanted to other areas that are thinning or balding. Because the hairs removed from the donor area are not susceptible to baldness, they will continue to grow for a lifetime once transplanted. Follicular unit grafting is the most modern and state-of-the-art procedure for hair transplantation. Hair naturally grows in groupings of one to three, and sometimes four, hairs which are called follicular units. Grafts are individually cut under the microscope, and as many as 2500 of these grafts can be transplanted during a single procedure, which typically lasts anywhere between three and six hours.

Q. Are hair transplants painful?

The procedure is performed under local anesthetic infiltrated in donor and recipient area, following anesthesia patient feel no pain and discomfort .

Q.How long does hair transplantation procedure take ?

Typical session of 1500 to 2000 graft normally take 6 to 7 hour, most of the patient come in the morning and completed in late afternoon.

Q. what is the post operative care?

Following surgery close dressing is applied over the scalp which has to be remove after 3 days , after that patient has to apply neosporin eye oint locally for 4 to 5 days .patient can take shower with mild shampoo on 7 th day . Antibiotic and pain killer tablets are to be taken for five days. After the surgery head is to be covered with cap and avoid smoking and heavy exercise for 3 weeks is mandatory.

Q.How long does it take for grafts to grow ?

For the average patient, grafts will begin growing noticeably between 3 weeks to 3 month post-op. The most significant growth will be seen between 6 and 8 months and growth will continue for up to one year post-op before you see the final results. Your transplanted hair will continue to grow for the rest of your life.

Q.What other hair loss can be replaced with FUT?

Restoration of Eyebrows, Eyelashes, Burn, Bald Areas, Scars, Beard, Moustache, Cleft lip, Pseudopelade, Folliculitis, Decalvans

A Follicular Unit Hair Transplant Surgery - Step by Step

The below step by step presentation shows how today’s state of the art follicular unit hair transplant procedure is normally performed.
Today hair transplant surgery is a one day out-patient procedure requiring only local anesthesia. Most patients are surprised by how little discomfort, if any, they experience during and after surgery. Many patients watch TV or nap during their hair transplant procedure.

Step 1: Patient immediately following surgery

During surgery hair follicles from the back of the head that are genetically resistant to going bald will be removed and relocated (transplanted) to the balding areas.

Step 2: Donor area is trimmed

Prior to surgery, the hair in donor area that will be surgically removed is trimmed.

Step 3: Donor area is prepared for surgery

Once the donor area has been prepared it is given local anesthesia.

Step 4: Donor tissue is removed

The donor tissue containing the bald resistant hair follicles is then surgically removed.

Step 5:Donor area is sutured

The donor tissue containing the bald resistant hair follicles is then surgically removed.

Step 6:Hair combed over sutures

When patient’s hair is combed over the donor area the sutures are not visible. These sutures are typically removed approximately ten days after surgery.

Step 7:Donor tissue is trimmed into follicular unit grafts

Surgical technicians then use microscopes to view the donor tissue in order to dissect and prepare follicular units hair grafts

Step 8: Bald recipient area is prepared

After being given local anesthesia, the balding recipient area is ready for surgery. No trimming or shaving of hair is needed in the top recipient area.

Step 9: Incisions are made in the balding areas

Tiny incisions are made in the recipient areas in irregular patterns that mimic nature. The follicular unit grafts will then be placed carefully into these tiny incisions.

Step 10: Grafts are placed into the incisions

Follicular unit grafts are gently placed into the recipient incisions

Step 11: Grafts are placed in varying densities

Typically the smallest one and two hair grafts are placed in the very front of the hairline, with three and four hair grafts placed behind them.

Step 12:Patient immediately following surgery

Following surgery a patient will have hundreds of tiny incisions with short hair stubble showing from the new grafts.

Step 13:Close up of recipient area after surgery

The tiny graft incisions heal rapidly. The redness and scabbing in the recipient area normally clears up within about one week.